Investigating the Role of School Homogeneity on Student Outcome Disparities in Chicago Public Elementary Schools

"Chicago’s long history of redlining led to dramatic racial and income-based residential segregation that persists today. As a result, many of Chicago’s neighborhood elementary schools exhibit high levels of racial and income homogeneity. In my thesis, I link neighborhood demographics to elementary school outcomes, and I use spatio-temporal methods to investigate the relationship between school homogeneity, neighborhood income inequality, and intra-school disparities in student outcomes in 2009 and 2019. I find that income inequality has no significant association with outcome distributions, but racial homogeneity has a generally significant and positive association with the spread of student outcomes. The significance and magnitudes of these predictors changed slightly from 2009 to 2019, potentially as a result of widespread school closures in 2013."

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